About the “clos” in Burgundy

Some of the most expensive, most renowned, and treasured wines in the entire world originate in the sacred land of Burgundy, France. When it comes to Pinot Noir and Chardonnay, few other regions bring the prestige that places like Clos St. Denis, Echezeaux, and Gevrey-Chambertin do.

Burgundy is a complicated place though, thanks to age old land inheritance laws that split the region into hundreds of “clos” – tiny vineyards outlined by rock walls. It’s not uncommon to find one family owning a single row of vines, sharing a small clos with a dozen other families.

The word “clos” comes from the French word for “closure”. Some famous clos in Burgundy include

  • Clos de Tart – famous for Pinot Noir. Located in the Cote de Nuits region.
  • Clos de la Roche
  • Clos St. Denis
  • La Romanee
  • Clos du Val

Although many of the vineyards in these clos are owned by small families, who have maintained them for decades, we’ve seen some big players enter the area recently. For example, LVMH just bought Clos des Lambrays, a famous Grand Cru vineyard. This behavior has been driven by the strong consumer demand for Burgundy wine. With such limited space, it’s no wonder the demand remains high, even as countless other regions around the world expand their wine production.